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A brief history of Hampton Hill

A brief history of Hampton Hill

Whether you’re interested in local history, or are just after some good questions for a pub quiz, we’ve dug out a few dates that show how much Hampton Hill has changed over the last 250 years.

1780 – The windmill was built at the end of Windmill Road, almost opposite where the Windmill pub stands today. It was demolished in 1874.

1863 – The Hampton Poor House on Hanworth Road was first mentioned on the Ordinance Survey map. It was a grim place to live, where ‘tramps’ would be locked up in barrel cages.

1864 – Hampton Water Works was built by Vauxhall Water Company.

1864 – Fulwell Station was opened, named after the farm it was built upon. Many other sites had been suggested for the station, including on Edward Road and near the Pantile Bridge on the High Street.

1864 – A “full-scale riot” broke out between the Irish labourers who were hired to build the railway, and the locals. Fighting started in the Duke of Wellington Pub (then standing on the corner of Burton’s and Wellington roads) after Irish workers refused to pay for their beer and beat up the landlord. Reinforcements were called and around 20 Irish workers fought the locals with sticks and stones. It ended when six policemen and 50 villagers marched on the Irish camp to find everyone gone. The camp was immediately levelled and set fire to.

1865 – Hoping to tempt villagers away from the pubs, a series of Penny Readings started up where people paid a penny admission for a programme of readings, and later amateur concerts and dramas. Profits were given to the new library. Popular for a while, the Penny Readings were spoiled by “rowdyism” and ended in 1889, making way for more elaborate entertainment organised by the Winter Entertainments Committee.

1867 – Schools built in Hampton Hill, including a boys’ school on Windmill Road and a girls’ and infant school on School Road.

1883 – The main Bushy Park gate was built on Hampton Hill High Street (the smaller gate behind the library was built in 1890). Before this, locals could only enter the park through Upper Teddington or Dukes Passage.

1886 – Land in Bushy Park was bought for the allotments.

1887 – Victoria Tower and spire added to St James’s Church.

1890 – The name New Hampton was officially changed to Hampton Hill.

1891 – First street lighting in Hampton Hill, costing 70 shillings per lamp.

1892 – Lending library opened in Hampton Hill Post Office.

1893 – Hampton Hill cricket pavilion built.

1893 – Providence Row changed its name to Cross Street.

1893 – Holly Road recreation ground presented to the village by Mrs Fitz Wygram.

1899 – Opening of Windmill Road fire station.

1901 – Introduction of trams on wheels.

1915 – First Zeppelin air raid on Hampton Hill.

1916 – Children at Hampton Hill schools were employed in munitions work for one hour a day, helping to build hand grenades for the war effort.

1918 – The War Memorial, remembering all the parishioners who died in the First World War, was agreed to be built in St James’s churchyard.

1918 – 1st Hampton Hill Guide and Brownie groups formed.

1927 – 1st Hampton Hill Cub Pack formed.

1939 – Second World War began and Windmill School (now Hampton Hill Junior School) was closed due to air strikes by German planes. It opened shortly after but for limited numbers of pupils, and parents had to sign a form accepting full responsibility in the event of air raids.

1940 – First air raid while the school was open. Extensive training and practice meant that all pupils and staff were in the air raid shelters within two minutes. After this pupils were in the shelters nearly all day, every day, passing the time with “mental arithmetic, spelling and word games, reading, story-telling and recitations”.

1940 – Lady Eleanor Hollis School pupils had been Growing for Victory, and the gardens held enough vegetables to support the whole school during the winter months.

1940 – Bombs began falling on Hampton Hill, including 71-93 Uxbridge Road, Alpha Road (five people killed, many seriously injured and buildings damaged, including the Roebuck pub). A bomb demolished 14 Links View Road, and a Wellington Bomber crashed into 63 Park Road. Also affected by bombings this year was Cranmer Road, 20 St James’s Avenue, 87 Uxbridge Road, Fulwell Golf Course, Holly Road, 6 Park Road and 11 Seymour Road.

1944 – A flying bomb landed at Longford Close, killing one person and injuring six. 150 houses were damaged and there was widespread evacuation to rest centres, including St James’s Church Hall. This second spate of heavy bombings also affected 16 Windmill Road, 85 High Street and 37 and 39 Edward Road.

1964 – More demolition in Hampton Hill when many of the oldest and best preserved properties were knocked down to make way for flats, including the Wilderness on Park Road, Larkfield Lodge on St James Road and 110 High Street.

And finally… Did you know? Burton’s Road covers an ancient track that dates back to the seventeenth or eighteenth century. The ditch it runs beside used to mark the dividing line between Hounslow Heath and the Common – which is known as Hampton Hill.

Do you have anything to add to this timeline? Especially in the years after World War Two to the present day. If you can think of anything from your own memory or that we have missed, please email info@lovehamptonhill.com.

Source: Taken from ‘The Birth and Growth of Hampton Hill’ edited by Margery Orton.
If you would like to find out more about our local history, you can read an online version of this book here.